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      آموزش زبان های خارجه ی زبانیکا (آموزش کامل انواع زبان های خارجه)
واژه های ضروری تافل-قسمت اول نویسنده: Amin - ۱۳٩٠/٥/۱٩

acclaim

 

abroad  abrupt  acceptable  acclaim  actually  adverse
 advice  attractive  autonomous  disapproval  disruptive
 haphazardly  ideal  persistent  wide

همراه با آزمون


abroad


adv. to or in another country
Syn. overseas, internationally


I've never lived abroad before.
She often goes abroad on business.
We never travelled abroad when we were kids.
goods imported from abroad
The books about Harry Potter are very popular now, both at home and abroad.
Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad.
Living abroad can be an educational experience.
He lived abroad for many years.
Are you going abroad for your vacation?
products sold both at home and abroad


*CULTURAL NOTE:

When Americans say someone is going abroad, they usually mean that they will be going to another continent.

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abrupt


adj. quick, without warning
adv. abruptly
Syn. sudden
n. abruptness


There was an abrupt change in the weather.
an abrupt change of plan
come to an abrupt end/halt etc
The bus came to an abrupt halt.
After the incident everyone left abruptly.
The meeting came to an abrupt end.
an abrupt change of policy/drop in oil prices
an abrupt decision  
his abrupt departure  
he left the room abruptly

 

http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=abrupt&ordering=&searchphrase=all

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acceptable


 adj. good enough, allowable or satisfactory
v. accept Syn. permissible
adv. acceptably
n. acceptability
adj. accepting


The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.
This standard of work is not acceptable; do it again.
an agreement which is acceptable to all sides
Students who achieve an acceptable standard will progress to degree studies.
How do we reach an acceptable level of data security?

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acclaim

acclaim1
n. enthusiastic approval, applause, praise for a person or their achievements
adj. acclaimed
Syn. praise
n. acclamation


Isaac Stem has won acclaim abroad.
Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.
The young singer is enjoying massive critical acclaim (=praise by people who are paid to give their opinion on art, music etc) .

The book received considerable critical acclaim.

the book deserves the acclaim it has received

http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=acclaim&ordering=&searchphrase=all

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actually


adv. being in existence, real or factual
in actual fact; really
adj. actual
Syn. truly


They were actually very good soccer players.
The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.
She says it’s a good movie, though she hasn’t actually seen it.
Yes, I know he looks very young, but he’s actually 45. 

(showing surprise) He not only invited me in but he actually offered me a drink!
For the first time in years, the rate of inflation has actually fallen.

 

Common Errors:
We need to produce and export more than we do actually.
We need to produce and export more than we do at present.


actually = strange as it may seem; in fact (despite what is said or thought): ‘People think we’ve got lots of money, but actually we’re very poor.’ at present = now

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adverse


adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad,
unfavorable; going against; opposing
adv. adversely
Syn. unfavorable
n. adversity
n. adversary


Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game.
His indecision adversely affected his job performance.
The proposal has attracted a lot of adverse comment.
in adverse conditions
They fear it could have an adverse effect on global financial markets.
Miller's campaign has received a good deal of adverse publicity .

ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ

advice [uncountable]


n. opinion given to someone about what they should do in a particular situation:
v. advise
adj. advisable
Syn. suggestion
n. advisability


Good advice is hard to find.
It is not advisable to stay up late the night before a test.
I asked the doctor for her advice.
Acting on her advice, I decided to give up smoking.
He gave them some good/sound advice.
Let me give you a piece of advice.
If you take my advice, you won’t tell anyone about this. (=this is what I advise)


Common Errors
1
I adviced him to tell the police.
I advised him to tell the police.
Advice /Ed'vaIs/ is a noun. Advise /Ed'vaIz/ is a verb.


2
She gave me a good advice.
She gave me some good advice.
Advice is an uncountable noun.
Note the alternative: ‘She gave me a good piece of advice.’

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attractive

 

adj. calling attention to, pleasing, creating interest,
v. attract pretty
n. attraction Syn. appealing
n. attractiveness
adv. attractively


The idea of working four, 10-hour work days was attractive to the employees.
The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.

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ideal


adj. having no flaw or mistake, excellent
adv. ideally Syn. perfect
n. ideal
The beach is an ideal place to relax.
Candidates for the job should ideally have five years experience in similar positions.

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persistent


adj. continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or
decision
v. persist
n. persistence
adv. persistently
Syn. constant


The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness.
Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.
his persistent attempts to annoy me
I kept telling him I wasn’t interested in his offer, but he was most persistent.
a persistent offender

If she hadn't been so persistent she might not have gotten the job.
persistent efforts
Persistent offenders (=people who often break the law) face a prison sentence.

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wide


adj. extending over a large area
adv. widely
Syn. broad
n. wideness


Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest.
The senator has traveled wide1y.

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autonomous


adj. by itself, with no association
adv. autonomously
Syn. independent


Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817.
Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.
an autonomous region
this organization is governmental but autonomous  
Galicia is an autonomous region of Spain.

http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=autonomous&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20#content

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disapproval


n. the act of disagreeing, not giving approval
v. disapprove
adv. disapprovingly
Syn. objection


Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned.
The students disapproved of the plan of study.
strong disapproval of the country's human rights record
Baxter eyed our clothes with obvious disapproval.
Clarissa shook her head in disapproval.
He spoke with disapproval of your behavior.
She shook her head in disapproval. (=as a sign of disapproval)
he expressed his disappoval of the way I dress  
She gave up her job, greatly to my disapproval. (=making me disapprove)

http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=disapproval&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20#content

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disruptive


adj. causing confusion and interruption
causing problems and preventing something from continuing in its usual way
v. disrupt
Syn. disturbing
n. disruption
adv. disruptively


Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive.
The storm caused a disruption in bus service.
He has a disruptive influence on the other children.
disruptive to
Night work can be very disruptive to home life.
Mike's parents thought I was a disruptive influence (=a person who causes disruption) .
ways to handle disruptive pupils
because of disruptive remarks, he was asked to leave the meeting

http://salamzaban.com/search?searchword=disruptive&ordering=&searchphrase=all

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haphazardly


adv. having no order or pattern, by chance
adj. haphazard
Syn. arbitrarily, carelessly
n. haphazardness


It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly.
Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.
bushes growing haphazardly here and there
Tehran grew in a haphazard way.
books were piled on shelves haphazardly

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(لطفا از مرورگر استاندارد و دارای فلش استفاده نمایید.)

 

آزمون شماره 1· درس 1 لغات ضروری آزمون تافل

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( تا باز شدن آزمون صبور باشید.)

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