Amin
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نویسنده (های) وبلاگ Amin
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      آموزش زبان های خارجه ی زبانیکا (آموزش کامل انواع زبان های خارجه)
واژه های ضروری تافل - قسمت پنجم نویسنده: Amin - ۱۳٩٠/٥/٢٢

delicate

 

 amaze  baffle  bear  block  blur  brilliant
 caution  challenge  delicate  enhance  intrigue
persuade  replace  shed  unique

 

همراه با آزمون


amaze


v. to fill with great surprise
Syn. astonish
adv. amazingly
n. amazement
adj. amazing


I was amazed that I received an A on the calculus test.
The actor gave an amazing performance.
Dave amazed his friends by suddenly getting married.
It still amazes me how much she has improved.
Your knowledge amazes me.
It amazed us to hear that you were leaving.

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baffle


v. if something baffles you, you cannot understand or explain it at all
Syn. puzzle
adj. baffling
n. bafflement


The causes of many harmful diseases have baffled doctors for centuries.
That was a baffling question.
The question baffled me completely.
a baffling mystery.
The police admitted that they were completely baffled (by the lack of evidence).

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bear


v. to produce, to carry; to show; to endure

Syn. yield
adj. bearably
adj. bearable


This orchard bears many fine harvests of apples.
Although stock prices declined, losses have been bearable for most investors.

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block


also block up
v. to prevent movement progress, or success
Syn. obstruct
n. blockage
adj. blocked


The government blocked the sale of the airline.
The streets were flooded due to a blockage in the pipes.
Something’s blocking the pipe.
a blocked pipe.
The road was blocked by a big truck.
My nose is all blocked up and I can’t breathe.
The police have blocked off the road where the bomb was found.

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blur


v. to make something difficult to see
Syn. cloud
adj. blurred
n. blur


The rain blurred everyone's view of the valley.
The whole accident is just a blur in my mine.

Tears blurred my eyes.
windows blurred with rain.
a very blurred photograph.
The street lights were blurred by the fog.
Many of the details in the picture are blurred.
Tears blurred her eyes .
His vision was blurred .

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brilliant


extremely clever or skilful
Syn. radiant
adv. brilliantly
n. brilliance


Einstein was a brilliant thinker.
She brilliantly produced a solution to the problem..
a brilliant performance.

a brilliant young musician.
a brilliant idea/invention/scientist

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caution


v. to warn against possible danger

Syn. warn


adj. cautious
adj. cautionary something
adv. cautiously
n. caution


The office cautioned the motorist to slow down.
They entered into the negotiations cautiously.
She cautioned the child against talking to strange men. The director cautioned that these changes could lead to job losses.
(law) The policeman said, “I must caution you that anything you say may be used against you (at your trial).”
Business leaders are cautioning against hasty action that would hamper flexibility.
Officials were quick to caution that these remarks did not mean an end to the peace process.
He cautioned them to avoid the forest at night.

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challenge


n. an invitation to complete, something that demands competitive action or much thought
adj. challenging
v. challenge

Syn. dare
Finishing the 26-mile race was a challenge for most of the participants.
It was a challenging math problem.

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delicate


adj. needing careful treatment, sensitive,  easily broken
adv. delicately
Syn. fragile


Because of its controversial nature, it was a challenge to discuss such a delicate issue
in public.
You must handle the antique delicately.
Be careful with those old glasses — they’re very delicate.
delicate hand-cut glass.
The sun can easily damage a child's delicate skin .

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enhance


v. to increase in a positive way, such as in value, power, or beauty
Syn. strengthen


n. enhancement
adj. enhanced


Passing the exam should enhance your chances of being, admitted to college.
The computer enhanced our productivity.
Good secretarial skills should enhance your chances of getting a job.
Hopefully, the meeting will enhance the prospects for world peace.
computer-enhanced learning (=learning in which the student is helped or guided by a computer as well as by a teacher).

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intrigue


if something intrigues you, it interests you a lot because it seems strange or mysterious
Syn. fascinate


adj. intriguing
adv. intriguingly
n. intrigue


He was intrigued by the acclaim flat he received.
The intriguing question baffled historians.
Other people's houses always intrigued her.
the toy intrigued the child.  
a tale that intrigues the reader.
He’s always been intrigued by machinery.
You intrigue me; tell me more!

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persuade


to cause to believe or feel certain
to make someone believe something or feel sure about something
Syn. convince


adv. persuasively
adj. persuasive
n. persuasion


They couldn't persuade their critics to see their point of view.
John presented a persuasive argument for his salary increase.
She was not persuaded of the truth of his statement.
He was unable to persuade the police that he had been elsewhere at the time of the crime.
she persuaded me that I was wrong.  
I persuaded him to study medicine.  
persuade yourself that you will not fail.

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replace


v. to change for another thing; to take the place of
Syn. substitute


adj. replaceable
n. replacement


They have replaced all of the old office equipment.
The new employee was the replacement for Mr. Topper, who retired last month.

You’ll have to replace those tires; they’re badly worn.

We’ve replaced the old adding machine with a computer.

Common Errors:

I told him he would have to replace the broken lid by a new one.
I told him he would have to replace the broken lid with a new one.
replace something with something else, NOT by

 

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shed


v. to throw off naturally, to give out
(of a plant or animal) to have (its skin, leaves, hair, etc.) come off or fall out naturally:
Syn. discard


In order to grow, crabs must shed their shells.
Most trees shed their leaves in autumn.
Some snakes shed their skin each year.

The trees were starting to shed their leaves .
As it grows, a snake will regularly shed its skin .

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unique


adj. to be the only one of a kind; special
Syn. rare


adv. uniquely
n. uniqueness


He was presented with a unique opportunity to attend the conference.
His style of writing is uniquely his own.

 

 

Common Errors:

 

It is one of the most unique pieces of architecture in Spain.
It is one of the rarest pieces of architecture in Spain.
Something can be absolutely unique or totally unique but NOT very/more/most/somewhat (etc.) unique. There are no degrees of uniqueness when unique means ‘the only one of its kind’

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آزمون‌های درس 5 لغات ضروری آزمون تافل

(لطفا از مرورگر استاندارد و دارای فلش استفاده نمایید.)


آزمون شماره 1 درس 5 لغات ضروری آزمون تافل

آزمون شماره 2 درس 5 لغات ضروری آزمون تافل

آزمون شماره 3 درس 5 لغات ضروری آزمون تافل

( لطفا تا باز شدن آزمون صبور باشید.)

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